Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR)

Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used to treat certain conditions affecting the thoracic aorta, which is the large artery that runs through the chest. TEVAR is performed by vascular surgeons and is typically used as an alternative to traditional open surgery for certain thoracic aortic diseases. 

During a TEVAR procedure at Sterling Hospitals in Ahmedabad or any other medical facility, the surgeon makes small incisions in the groin area to access the blood vessels. Through these incisions, a catheter (a thin, flexible tube) is threaded into the aorta and guided to the site of the disease or the damaged section of the aorta. Once in position, the surgeon uses X-ray guidance and specialized instruments to deploy a stent-graft, which is a fabric-covered metal mesh tube, into the aorta. The stent-graft acts as a reinforcement to the weakened or diseased aortic wall, allowing blood to flow freely through the stent-graft and bypassing the diseased section of the aorta. 

TEVAR is commonly used to treat conditions such as: 

  • Thoracic aortic aneurysms: These are abnormal bulges or dilations in the aortic wall that can be life-threatening if they rupture. TEVAR can be used to reinforce the weakened aortic wall and prevent the risk of rupture. 
  • Thoracic aortic dissections: These are tears or separations in the layers of the aortic wall, which can cause severe pain and disrupt blood flow. TEVAR can be used to seal off the tear and restore normal blood flow. 
  • Traumatic aortic injuries: These are tears or ruptures of the aorta caused by trauma, such as from a car accident or fall. TEVAR can be used to repair the injured aorta and prevent further complications. 

TEVAR is typically performed under general anesthesia and may require a short hospital stay for recovery. Compared to open surgery, TEVAR is minimally invasive, resulting in smaller incisions, reduced blood loss, and faster recovery times. However, like any surgical procedure, TEVAR also carries risks, and the decision to undergo TEVAR is based on individual patient factors and the expertise of the vascular surgeon. 

At Sterling Hospitals in Ahmedabad, TEVAR is performed by experienced vascular surgeons using state-of-the-art equipment and techniques to provide safe and effective treatment for thoracic aortic diseases. Patients undergoing TEVAR will receive comprehensive care, including pre-operative evaluation, intraoperative monitoring, and post-operative follow-up to ensure optimal outcomes. It's important to consult with a qualified healthcare professional to determine the most appropriate treatment approach for thoracic aortic conditions, including TEVAR.