Hypertensive heart disease is a heart condition that arises due to high blood pressure, which can lead to severe heart problems like thickening of heart muscles, coronary artery diseases, heart failure, and other heart conditions. It is the most common cause of death from high blood pressure.
Hypertensive heart disease can be classified into two types:
Hypertensive heart disease occurs as a result of long-term uncontrolled high blood pressure. High blood pressure means the pressure inside the blood vessels is too high. Most patients do not know if they are suffering from hypertension. They do not have symptoms until late in the course when complications arise.
Hypertensive heart disease is typically not described in various stages. The condition usually progresses from minor changes to major changes in the heart and can lead to the following sequence: increased wall stress leads to left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), which leads to diastolic LV dysfunction. This can be followed by systolic LV dysfunction.
Laboratory tests are important for detecting the root cause of hypertension and the severity of the organ damage. Following tests are included:
Other tests include urinalysis, blood glucose and hematocrit levels, lipid profile, serum potassium, creatinine (or the corresponding estimated glomerular filtration rate [GFR]), and calcium measurements.
The treatment of hypertensive heart disease depends on the patient’s age, the severity of illness, and medical history. Common medications used are calcium channel blockers and ACE inhibitors to help lower blood pressure, aspirin, and statins. Services and therapies for severe heart conditions include implantation of a pacemaker, cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs), coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG), a heart transplant or other heart-assisting devices.
In conclusion, if you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of hypertension, it is important to seek medical attention from a cardiologist as soon as possible. The Cardiology Department of Sterling Hospitals Gurukul Ahmedabad is equipped with state-of-the-art facilities and experienced cardiologists who can provide accurate diagnosis and effective treatment for hypertensive heart disease. Contact the Cardiology Department of Sterling Hospitals Gurukul Ahmedabad today to schedule a consultation with one of our expert cardiologists.