Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery

Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery, also known as CABG, is a surgical procedure performed to treat coronary artery disease. It involves creating a new route for blood to flow around blocked or narrowed arteries, allowing blood to reach the heart muscle more efficiently. 

Indications for CABG surgery include severe chest pain, shortness of breath, fatigue, and other symptoms related to coronary artery disease.  

  • Severe coronary artery disease that cannot be treated with medications or other interventions. 
  • Coronary artery blockages that are causing symptoms such as chest pain or shortness of breath. 
  • Heart failure or other complications related to coronary artery disease. 

Before undergoing the surgery, patients will need to undergo several tests and evaluations to determine if they are a good candidate for the procedure. 

Preparation for CABG surgery includes stopping certain medications, fasting before the procedure, and undergoing pre-operative tests and evaluations. Patients will also need to discuss their medical history and any potential complications with their surgeon. 

There are several types of CABG surgery, including traditional CABG, off-pump CABG, and minimally invasive CABG.  

There are several types of CABG surgery, including: 

  • Traditional CABG: This involves opening the chest and performing the surgery while the patient is connected to a heart-lung bypass machine. The surgeon makes an incision in the chest to access the heart and grafts a blood vessel from another part of the body to create a new pathway for blood to flow to the heart. 
  • Off-pump CABG: This is a newer technique that does not require the use of a heart-lung bypass machine. Instead, the surgeon stabilizes the area around the blocked artery and performs the grafting while the heart continues to beat. 
  • Minimally invasive CABG: This is a newer technique that involves making several small incisions in the chest and using specialized instruments to perform the surgery. This technique may result in a shorter hospital stay and faster recovery time. 

The type of surgery will depend on the patient's individual needs and the extent of their coronary artery disease. 

Life after CABG surgery may involve several weeks of recovery, including time in the hospital and at home. Patients may need to take medications to manage pain and prevent infection, and will need to follow a strict diet and exercise regimen to promote healing and reduce the risk of future heart problems. 

Sterling Hospitals is a leading provider of cardiovascular and thoracic surgery in India, with a team of highly skilled and experienced surgeons who specialize in CABG surgery. The hospital offers state-of-the-art facilities and a patient-centered approach to care, with a focus on providing the highest quality treatment and support to patients and their families.